Governance & Social Accountability

In the governance concept, three main types of players are involved, who interact for governance purposes:

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Within a democratic society, each of the actors has rights and responsibilities. Good governance aims at balanced power relations, transparent use of resources, fair distribution of revenues and mutual accountability.

In accountability relations, citizens, service providers and government, all need the willingness and the capacity to claim respectively to respond to the claims. Therefore, there is need to strengthen the citizens to be empowered to hold the service providers and government and especially the local government accountable, and for the service providers and government to be able to provide the claimed information and needed action. The bridging mechanisms between citizens, private sector and government include access to information, voice, influence and sanctions.

Social accountability programs aim at strengthening right holders, such as the citizens and rural communities, to claim their rights and hold the government and service providers accountable for the use of their money. For this to happen there is need for:

  • access to information
  • mobilization and organization of the citizens to express their needs and claim their rights
  • representation of the majority and minority within dialogue platforms
  • negotiation and influencing of decision-making and finally but most important
  • enforcement of agreements and the rule of law
Local government reform programs aim at strengthening local government authorities to improve their integrated management capacities to provide services as well as to improve their governance practices and to empower lower levels of government.

Past Assignments

Bridging Mechanisms:
Core Tasks
End of phase evaluation of the organisational strengthening component for MVIWATA
Review of the three back stopping mandates and asses whether MVIWATA is better equipped to deliver its core activities. (Financial Management, HR management and M&E systems and approaches)
April - June 2019
Supporting the baseline development for ANSAF (agricultural Non State Actor Forum)
Review of the logframe indicators and policies and develop the data collection approach to establish the baseline
January to March 2019
Mid-term review of the AMDT program (Agricultural Market Development Trust)
Deloitte as trustee on behalf of SIDA, Denmark and IrishAid
The Program promotes the Making Markets Work for the Poor (M4P) approach. AMDT is facilitating market actors in the Sunflower, Maize and Pulses subsectors.
2018 (dec) - April 2019
Annual review, context analysis (MERV) and Conflict Sensitive Program Management (CSPM)
Facilitation of workshops with the Embassy staff, including of panel discussions with (inter)national experts, assessing several scenarios and reporting on Conflict Sensitive Program Management (CSPM)
Development and testing of M&E toolkit for the Multi Actor Integration (MAI) pilot project
BEST Dialogue
The MAI project aims at preparing the media, the local government and the local private sector (including farmers) for addressing pertinent issues regarding the enabling business environment through multi actor engagement and dialogue. The toolkit of questionnaires and analysis tools measures the outcome and impact at end beneficiary level.
Workshop facilitation EALAN
of the Kingdom
of the Nether- lands in Rwanda
Facilitation of a workshop with 12 Universities from the Great lakes region on land administration, in order to harmonize support to the East African Land Administration Network (EALAN)
Mapping dialogue platforms
Mapping out existing dialogue platforms and recommend how to strengthen dialogue platform mechanisms between government and civil society networks in 13 districts
Bunge Foundation for Democracy- Policy Research Unit
Scoping the commitment from MPs and relevant administrative staff of the parliamentary office to actively support the creation of an independent research unit accessible for all MPs

Civil Society Strengthening:
Core Tasks
Facilitation of assessment of improved Enabling Environment for Civil Society (EEfCS) through Multi Stakeholder Initiatives (MSI)
Helvetas/ SDC
Facilitated a series of workshops with Swiss NGOs active in Tanzania and interviews with local NGOs involved in MSIs. Identified entry points for support to local NGOs for EEfCS
Formulation of project proposal for 4-years funding
An organizational capacity assessment as well as a project proposal focused on media and the fight against Gender Based Violence has been formulated and summarized in the Development Engagement Document (DED), which has led to 4 year core funding for TAMWA.
Sustainability planning for the project ‘Adding Value to the Arc: Forests and Livelihoods in the South Nguru Mountains
DfID/ TFCG Tanzania
To review and revise the project sustainability plan and to develop a clear exit strategy for the Adding Value to the Arc project to ensure that the project’s positive impacts on livelihoods and natural forest management are sustained beyond the project lifespan
Back stopping Social Accountability Program
Support Policy Forum, ANSAF and Sikika in their Social Accountability activities: (i) Link national with local level; (ii) Integrate social accountability at local level (SAM training and implementation); and (iii) Share knowledge, experiences and practices.
Organizational development
Strengthening the Agriculture Non-State Actors Forum to improve internal capacities by improving: (i) M&E through Outcome Mapping; (ii) Teambuilding; (iii) Report writing; (iv) Human resource management.
Facilitation fundraising and Best practices report
Forum Syd
Exploring opportunities for resource mobilization and analysis and documentation of best practices regarding the social accountability project
Institutional and organizational support
Forum Syd
Quality Control Strategic Planning and preparation of concept papers
Development of social accountability program
Development of social accountability program in support of advocacy CSOs active in agriculture, health and governance sectors
Desk study civil society analysis for Tanzania Governance Support Program 2011-2015
Danish Embassy
Recommendations regarding support to civil society in the formulation of the Governance Support Program
Impact of advocacy strategy on budget allocation to improve teachers’ performance
Assess the Theory of Change and the strategy to influence decision makers by HakiElimu
Civil society situation analysis
Belgium Embassy
Mapping out of current civil society organizations, strengths and weaknesses, to identify possible entry point for Belgium Cooperation
Public Expenditure Tracking Survey best practices and design of brochure
PETS study
Local Democracy context analysis
Forum Syd
Analysis of the context in Tanzania Mapping out of potential CSOs for partnering

(Local) Government Strengthening:
Core Tasks
Capacity building program development for national and district level officials in support of sustainable charcoal and timber value chain development.
SDC/ TFCG Tanzania
Based on a participatory capacity needs assessment (following the “five Capabilities model”) of key government institutions with roles and responsibilities in the charcoal and timber value chain, development of a 3-year capacity building program for 100 officials of priority government partners
Capacity Needs Assessment and OD plan for LGAs and CSOs
BTC/ KILORWEMP project Tanzania
Conducting the assessment for the LGAs and locally based Civil Society Organizations located in the KILORWEMP project area in order to improve the enabling and supportive environment to obtain user rights for the CBOs and to develop business plans and value chains of the natural resource products from the community managed areas (PFM, WMAs, etc.).
DP Governance WG
Mid term review of the Local Government Reform Program phase II, desk and field study in 10 districts
Support to Tanzania Strategic Cities Project
Danida/ PMO-RALG
Recruitment of 10 technical advisors for Tanzania Strategic Cities Project and contracting entity for interim period
Effectiveness of decentralization: absorption capacity of LGA
DP Governance WG
Assessment of capacity of LGAs to management funding flows
Tanzania Strategic Cities Project: institutional strengthening and project implementation component
World Bank/ PMO-RALG
Jointly assess local priorities with local authorities and reorient implementation plans in 8 cities in Tanzania
Mkukuta Review: Analyze the effectiveness of Decentralization by Devolution on financial resources versus absorptive capacity of LGAs
Ministry of Finances/ PMO-RALG
Desk and field study of 10 districts to assess the capacities of LGAs to manage funding grants as a result of D-by-D process
Institutional review and strengthening plans for Zanzibar Municipal Council and 3 town councils of Pemba
World Bank
Identify and analyze current human resource, internal management procedures, material and logistics, as well as financial and fiscal capacity constraints, for the three town councils in Pemba: Chake-Chake, Wete and Mkoani Town Councils.
Desk study on GBS and LGDG
Appraisal of the LGDG System and its efficiency and Relevance to the D by D, Mkukuta and Empowerment at Grassroot level
Capacity building funding flows LGAs
Assessment of the capacity of LGAs to use the funding for capacity building effectively

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